Javier Fajardo Nolla

Associated researcher in Marquet Lab, also graduate student in the program “Biodiversidad de Áreas Tropicales y su Conservación”

Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo (UIMP, Spain)

Research interests

Javier is interested in the research that involves studying biodiversity patterns and its conservation.

He is collaborating in the lab within the SPARC project (Spatial Planning for Protected Areas in Response to Climate Change), that has as main objective to provide tropical countries with the assessments and data needed to improve their conservation planning.

This is very related with his phD thesis, which is titled “Systematic Conservation Planning at semi-continental scale”. His thesis aims at understanding biodiversity patterns in the Andean tropical countries and at making proposals to adapt regional protected-area networks to preserve biodiversity better. As part of it, Javier is studying the distribution of thousand of vertebrate and plant species from Venezuela to Bolivia. He is also projecting the potential shifts in their distribution to the end of the century under different scenarios of climate change. He will use these predictions to propose conservation areas that are able to complement tropical Andean countries protected areas. These results will focus in the areas that are important to make the network of protected areas more adaptable to predicted climate change shifts of species ranges, and he hopes that his results will serve planners in improving conservation and in preparing it to face climate change.

Other than that, Javier is interested in understanding other threats to biodiversity in the Neotropical realm, such as oil extraction and other kinds of mining, or the expansion of the farming frontier, which are some of the major drivers in global change in the tropical Andes. For his research, Javier has been using Geographic Information Systems to analyse spatial data. He learnt to use several tools to model species distributions (such as Biomod and Maxent), as well as algorithms for site-selection of conservation areas (like Marxan does).


  • Fajardo, J., Lessmann, J., Bonaccorso, E., Devenish, C., Muñoz, J., & Munoz, J. (2014). Combined use of systematic conservation planning, species distribution modelling, and connectivity analysis reveals severe conservation gaps in a megadiverse country (Peru). PLoS ONE, 9(12), 1–23. Link
  • Lessmann, J., Fajardo, J., Muñoz, J., & Bonaccorso, E. (2016). Large expansion of oil industry in the Ecuadorian Amazon : biodiversity vulnerability and conservation alternatives. Ecology and Evolution, 1–16. Link